ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 112-116

The Effect of Platelet-Rich Fibrin on Soft Tissue and Crestal Bone in One-Stage Implant Placement in Fresh Extraction Sockets: A Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial


1 Department of Periodontics, CKS Theja Institute of Dental Sciences, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh, India
2 Department of Prosthodontics, CKS Theja Institute of Dental Sciences, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh, India
3 Department of Statistics, CKS Theja Institute of Dental Sciences, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Kishore K Avula
Department of Periodontics, CKS Theja Institute of Dental Sciences, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jofs.jofs_132_18

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Introduction: The goal of modern dentistry is to prevent tooth loss and provide a healthy dentition with optimal functional efficiency, structural balance, and aesthetic harmony. The placement of an implant immediately after tooth extraction helps to maintain the bone crest and leads to ideal implant positioning from a prosthetic point of view and has the potential of decreasing the total treatment time for patients. Aim and Objective: To evaluate the platelet rich fibrin with or without bone ceramic on soft issue and crestal bone in one stage implant placement in fresh extraction socket. Materials and Methods: A total of 30 patients were randomly assigned into two groups—each group comprising 15 patients based on platelet-rich fibrin with and without bone ceramic and one-stage implant placement in fresh extraction socket. All patients were prospectively evaluated clinically and radiographically. All the data were analyzed using a software statistical package for social sciences (SPSS) version 11.5 (Chicago, Illinois, USA). Results: During the 6-month interval, no implant was lost; the mean bone level at the implants increased in platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) with bone ceramic group and decreased in PRF group and papillary index increased in both the groups, whereas modified sulcus bleeding index and probing pocket depth (PPD) decreased in both the groups. Conclusion: It can be concluded that mean crestal bone levels increased in PRF with bone ceramic group, whereas decrease in PRF group and both the groups are statistically significant. When the papillary levels are compared between the two groups, there was no statistical significance, but increased papillary levels were found in both the groups. The mean PPD was decreased in both the groups, but there was no statistical significance between the two groups.


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