ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 7-10

Panoramic study of mandibular basal bone height


1 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, CKS Theja Dental College and Hospital, Tirupathi, Andhra Pradesh, India
2 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, College of Dental Sciences, Davanagere, Karnataka, India
3 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Bapuji Dental College and Hospital, Davanagere, Karnataka, India
4 Department of Endodontics, Darshan Dental College, Udaipur, Rajasthan, India
5 Government Dental College, Bellary, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Raviraj Jayam
Flat No. 301, Brindavan Apartments, Above Karur Vysya Bank, Khadi Colony, K.T Road, Tirupathi - 517 501, Andhra Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0975-8844.157358

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Aims and Objectives: To provide information regarding the changes of mandibular basal bone height using panoramic radiography, in relation to age, sex, and the state of dentulousness, which could be utilized in clinical practice, especially in implantology and pre-prosthetic surgery. Materials and Methods: A total of 200 subjects, who were categorized according to age, sex, and state of dentulousness, were subjected to vertical measurements of mandibular basal bone in panoramic radiographs. Two measurements were made, D 1 and D 2 . The distance measured between the lower border of mental foramen to the lower border of the mandible was termed as D 1 . The distance between the lowest point of mandibular canal to the lower border of the mandible was termed as D 2 . These measurements were compared between males/females and dentulous/edentulous, which were further subjected to statistical analysis with Student's t-test. Results: Males had higher D 1 and D 2 values compared to females and edentulous groups had higher D 1 and D 2 values compared to dentulous subjects. Conclusions: Men have higher values of mandibular basal bone height compared to females and also that there exists some potential for mandibular basal bone to increase in height as the age progresses.


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