ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2013  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 109-113

Assessment of knowledge, practices, and work place condition related to ergonomics among dental students of Bhopal city - A questionnaire study


1 Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Peoples College of Dental Sciences, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India
2 Department of Prosthodontics, Crown, Bridge and Implantology, Peoples College of Dental Sciences, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India
3 Department of Preventive and Community Dentistry, Mamatha Dental College, Khammam, Andhra Pradesh, India
4 Department of Preventive and Community Dentistry, Paruthagouda Mallangouda Nadagouda Memorial Dental College and Hospital, Bagalkot, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Swapna Munaga
Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Peoples College of Dental Sciences, Bhanpur, Bhopal-462 037, Madhya Pradesh
India
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0975-8844.124254

Rights and Permissions

Background: Dental profession is susceptible to various postural and nonpostural occupational risks. Aim : To determine knowledge, practice, and condition of work place regarding ergonomic posture among dental students from Bhopal city, Central India. Also to observe any correlation among knowledge, practice, and condition of work place scores. Materials and Methods : A self-administered questionnaire study was conducted among 231 dental students. The questionnaire consisted of three parts: Knowledge, practice, and condition of work place. Analysis of variance was used to compare mean of knowledge, practice of clinical posture, and condition of work place. Pearson's correlation coefficient has been applied to compute correlation among knowledge, practice, and condition of work place scores. A P value < 0.05 was considered significant for all statistical analyses. Results : We found that 70% of dental students perform torsion of the body and cervical flexion to improve vision and prefer direct vision when working. Only 59% reported that they are working with ergonomically designed dental unit and instruments. Most of them reported that the work stool is not comfortable. Mean knowledge, practice, and condition of work place scores were 3.93 (1.26), 5.01 (1.58), and 2.60 (1.14), respectively. Significant differences between the groups were noted for means of practice scores (P ≤ 0.01). Significant linear correlation was seen between knowledge-practice scores (r = 0.20) (P ≤ 0.01), practice-condition of work place scores (r = 0.14) (P ≤ 0.05), and knowledge-condition of work place scores (r = 0.14) (P ≤ 0.05). Conclusion : The knowledge of ergonomic postural requirements and their clinical application among the dental students surveyed were not satisfactory. A multifactorial approach that includes preventive education, postural and positioning strategies, proper selection, and use of ergonomic equipment should be employed.


[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed2944    
    Printed25    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded501    
    Comments [Add]    
    Cited by others 1    

Recommend this journal