REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2013  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 15-20

Adverse affects of drugs on saliva and salivary glands


1 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Shree Bankey Bihari Dental College and Research Centre, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, College of Dental Sciences, Davangere, India
3 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Navodaya Dental College, Raichur, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Vidhi Vinayak
B-53 Ashoka Niketan, near Yamuna Sports Complex, New Delhi-110092
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0975-8844.113684

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Saliva is the most valuable oral fluid is critical to the preservation and management of oral health. Saliva containing various organic and inorganic substances provides primary natural protection for teeth and soft tissues in the oral cavity assists in mastication, deglutition and digestion of food. The secretion of saliva can be affected due to various local and systemic causes. However if a patient is taking medication and has altered salivary secretion the differential diagnosis should include the possibility of an adverse drug reaction. The drugs may lead to alteration in the flow rate of saliva, which can be either increased or reduced, however certain drugs have been reported to cause change in the color of the saliva. Several drugs may lead to sialadenitis associated with altered salivary secretion. These symptoms may simulate systemic diseases, Hence oral physicians need to be vigilant in recognizing these adverse drug reactions in the patients and it is incumbent upon the practitioner to try to stay abreast of this ever evolving field especially as it relates to dental therapeutics.


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